Founded in 1533 has been declared UNESCO World Heritage Site. Like most major Latin American cities, Cartagena has lacked a clear urban framework to guide its planning and expansion. The main drivers for the city’s urban development have been its industrial port and the maximum profitability of private real estate operations. The result is a fragmented city, insufficiently connected and scarcely related to its natural surroundings.
Additionally, the city has been poorly managed. Paradoxically, Cartagena’s port area handles 60% of the maritime trade of the country, over 2.500 industries thataccount for 6% of the national GDP, and increasing investments in the tourism sector that consolidate its position as one of the Colombian cities with the greatest international projection.